Create a list of random numbers in C#

Generating random numbers in C# isn’t the most intuitive process. I originally learnt to code back in the day using VB, where generating a random number was as simple as calling the Rnd() function.

In C#, there is slightly more work to do. We first have to create an instance of the Random class, which is non-static. Only then can we call a function to generate a random number for us.

The example below is written for the C# component in Grasshopper, but the gist of it can be used for any C# application.

C# code

  private void RunScript(ref object A)
  {

    var rand = new Random();
    var rtnlist = new List<double>();

    for (int i = 0; i < 100000; i++)
    {
      rtnlist.Add(rand.Next(1000));
    }
    A = rtnlist;

  }

What’s happening here?

We create an instantiation of the Random class. We call this ‘rand’. This is what contains the logic to generate our random numbers.

Since computers are inherently quite terrible at generating truly random numbers, programming languages tend to use pre-programmed lists of random numbers instead. The random class picks a place in the list to start from. Then, every time we call for a new random number, it is simply reading the next value in the list.

This is why the function to generate a new random number is called ‘Next’ – it is simply looking at the next value in its list of random numbers. The 1000 in the brackets specifies that the number returned will be scaled between 0 and 1000. (If we left the brackets blank, the random number would be between 0 and the highest possible integer.)

The script creates a list of 100000 random numbers between 0 and 1000. The output is sent to the variable ‘A’. This is a Grasshopper specific thing – if you were writing this as a method, you could change this to ‘return rtnlist’.

If you need many random numbers, you should still only create one instance of Random, and then use ‘Next()’ to build your collection of random numbers. If you don’t do this, and instead create an instance of ‘Random’ for every random number you need, the resulting numbers may not be random at all.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.